15. April 2021
What Is The Anglo Irish Agreement
After nine days of public debate, on 7 January 1922, D adopted the new treaty by 64 votes to 57, but this was not the treaty assembly. As a result, its approval of the treaty was not sufficient to meet the treaty requirements. The „meeting“ required by the terms of the contract was therefore called. On January 14, 1922, he formally approved the treaty. The „meeting“ itself had a somewhat ambiguous status, as it was not convened or executed according to the procedures established for the House of Commons or was not declared a meeting of D`Ilreann. Opponents of the treaty remained on the sidelines, meaning that only the pro-contract members and the four elected trade unionists (who have never sat in the ilerann commune) participated in the assembly. The assemblies approved the treaty by an overwhelming majority, appointed Michael Collins as head of the interim government and immediately dispersed without parliamentary business taking place. This was the next time the lower house of Southern Ireland came into service; There has never been another meeting, but the vote of 14 January, in strict accordance with the text of the treaty, allowed the British authorities to affirm respect for legal kindness. Strategically, the agreement showed that the British Government recognized as legitimate the Republic`s desire to have an interest in northern Ireland`s affairs, and it also showed trade unionists that by being present in the House of Commons, they could not veto British policy towards Ulster. The Anglo-Irish Treaty of 1921 (Irish: An Conradh Angla-Eireannach), commonly known as The Treaty and officially the Articles of Agreement for a Treaty Between Britain and Ireland, was an agreement between the government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and representatives of the Irish Republic that concluded the Irish War of Independence.  It provided for the creation of the Irish Free State within one year as a self-administered regime within the „community of nations known as the British Empire,“ a status equivalent to that of „the Dominion of Canada.“ It also provided Northern Ireland, created by the Government of Ireland Act 1920, with an opportunity to express itself from the Irish Free State it was exercising. Unionist leaders hailed the agreement with a violent denunciation, calling it a „betrayal“ of the British government and spreading violence.
The Rev. Ian Paisley, chairman of the Democratic Unionist Party, predicted that the consequences of the agreement would be „too terrible to think about“ and warned the Dublin government that „the total anger of the Unionists will fall on your heads.“ No one could have predicted, after the „out, out“ press conference of November 1984, that if the two Prime Ministers met a year later for a summit, this would be characterized by the signing of an Anglo-Irish agreement. The events that led to the evolution of Mrs Thatcher`s thinking go back not a year, but four years.