08. Dezember 2020
Eu Mercosur Agreement In Principle
The agreement came after twenty years of negotiations. Talks began in 1999, but stopped before resuming in 2016.  Discussions have been unsuccessful for years due to opposition from European beef producers, particularly small farmers, who feared being underestimated by imports from Brazil, the world`s largest beef producer.  Many governments in South America preferred „South-South cooperation“ for the development of relations with Europe at that time, while European governments also had other priorities.  The trade agreement is part of a broader UE-MERCOSUR association agreement being negotiated. In addition to the trade pillar, the agreement includes political dialogue and cooperation that were agreed in June 2018. This brief letter sets out what we know about the proposed trade agreement, what we do not yet know, and some of the effects on man and the forest. The fight against climate change, the preservation of forests and respect for the right of people to make decisions about their own lives can only take place if trade takes place in a way that promotes supply chains without deforestation and respects the rights of the community and indigenous peoples. The EU-Mercosur agreement is far from reaching this level. According to Jonathan Watts, „the negotiations lasted nearly two decades, which may explain why the result signed last week reflects the industry-friendly values of the past rather than the environmental concerns of the present.“  According to an editorial in the Irish Times, „EU countries are committed to achieving net zero carbon by 2050, but this will not be significant if the world`s largest carbon sink is destroyed.“  Former French environment minister Nicolas Hulot condemned the agreement in an interview with Le Monde, saying it was „totally contradictory“ to the EU`s climate targets and warned that it would further destroy the Amazon rainforest.  The Financial Times expressed concern that „the EU-Mercosur agreement will not nullify climate efforts“.  The free trade agreement between the European Union and Mercosur is a free trade agreement between the EU and Mercosur in 2019.
 The agreement was announced on 28 June at the G20 summit in Osaka 2019, after 20 years of negotiations.   Although there are convergences in principle, the final texts have not yet been finalised, signed or ratified and have therefore not entered into force. If ratified, this would be the largest trade agreement concluded by both the EU and Mercosur with regard to the citizens concerned.  The trade agreement is part of a broader association agreement between the two blocs. In addition to trade, the Association Agreement would also address cooperation and political dialogue. Negotiations on both sides ended on 18 June 2020.  Nevertheless, some progress is still being made. After 20 years of negotiations, MERCOSUR and the EU have reached an „agreement in principle“ on a large-scale trade agreement. The texts will be final after the signing. The agreement becomes binding on the contracting parties in international law only after each party concludes the internal judicial procedures necessary for the agreement to enter into force (or its provisional application).