01. Dezember 2020
Afghanistan Pakistan Transit Trade Agreement (Aptta)
The 2010 agreement replaces the 1965 Afghanistan transit agreement, which granted Afghanistan the right to import duty-free goods through Pakistani seaports, particularly Karachi.  The 1965 agreement did not see Pakistan as the right to export goods to the Soviet Union or the Central Asian republics after the fall of the USSR, nor did it see the right to export goods.  The agreement gave Pakistan access to all countries bordering Afghanistan, with access to Iran through the borders of Islam Qila and Zaranj, Uzbekistan by the border with Hairatan, Tajikistan through the crossing points of Ali Khanum and Sher Khan Bandar and Turkmenistan through the crossing points of Aqina and Torghundi. Pakistani imports and exports are allowed to enter Afghanistan through border crossings to Torkham, Ghulam Khan and Shaman.  Afghanistan also refuses to grant Pakistan the right to import and export goods from Central Asia via Afghan territory. The 2010 APTTA agreement allowed Afghan goods to be exported to India via Pakistani territory, but did not authorize the export of Indian goods to Afghanistan via Pakistani territory.  During Afghan President Ashraf Ghani`s visit to India in April 2015, he stated that „we will not grant equal access to transit to Central Asia for Pakistani trucks“ unless the Pakistani government has accepted India under the 2010 agreement between Afghanistan and Pakistan to allow the transport of Indian goods via Pakistani territory. , which is in direct contradiction to Article 5 of the agreement, which explicitly excludes Indian exports from the agreement.  Pakistan rejected India`s applications for membership, as the signed agreement expressly prohibits Indian products from transiting through Pakistan.
In 2015, Afghan President Ashraf Ghani clarified that Tajikistan can only be included in the trade agreement when Indian products have the right to export goods to Afghanistan via Pakistani territory, which is in direct contradiction to Articles 5 and 52 of the signed agreement, which prohibits this right to Indian carriers and goods.   The 2010 APTTA allows both countries to use each other`s airports, railways, roads and ports on designated transit corridors. The agreement does not apply to road transport vehicles from third countries, whether they come from India or a Central Asian country.  While Afghan importers and exporters enjoy unrestricted access to Pakistani seaports under APTTA, Afghanistan has claimed that Pakistani officials often block deliveries and cause unnecessary delays, especially after the NATO attack in Pakistan in 2011. In November 2010, the two states formed a joint chamber of commerce to develop their trade relations and resolve the problems faced by distributors, both in this and other respects.  In early March 2016, the Afghan government reportedly responded to requests to use Afghanistan as a corridor to Tajikistan after abandoning requests for reciprocal access to India via Pakistan.  The revised transit trade agreement is expected to be signed by April 2016.  Implementation of the treaty has been inconsistent as both sides have complained about the persistence of trade barriers.